Контрольная работа I (первый семестр I курс)

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Контрольная работа I (первый семестр I курс)

Вариант I

Часть I

1. Прочитайте текст и письменно переведите отрывок, выделенный жирным шрифтом.

The United States of America

Established in 1776, the United States is young compared to many other countries. During the first century and a half, the nation worked primarily on defining itself: how much territory it would cover, how it could use its resources for economic growth, and how it would deal with slavery and other issues facing American society. The population grew as more and more people from other nations were attracted to the economic and social possibilities of this land of opportunity. In turn, this mixture of people from different cultures helped to give the United States its unique character.

In the 20th century, the United States became a world power. The U.S. economy influences the lives of people worldwide. Many nations turn to the United States for support in their quest for democracy and human rights. Americans have made advances in fields ranging from medicine to music, and their achievements have changed the world. The capital is Washington, D.C.


The United States is the fourth-largest country in the world (after Russia, Canada, and China). It extends across the continent of North America from the Atlantic Ocean on the east to the Pacific Ocean on the west. The United States consists of 50 states and the District of Columbia. Forty-eight of the states lie between Canada on the north and Mexico and the Gulf of Mexico on the south. The 49th state, Alaska, lies northwest of Canada. The 50th state, Hawaii, is a group of islands in the Pacific Ocean.

The United States has some of the largest and the most useful rivers in the world. The Mississippi-Missouri river system is 3,710 miles (5,971 kilometers) long.

The climate of the United States is as varied as its landscape, ranging from Arctic weather in Alaska to tropical conditions in Hawaii and southern Florida. Much of the continental United States is affected by winds that blow from west to east.

People and culture


In the 2000 census, the United States had a population of 281,421,906. Whites made up more than 70 percent of this figure. The two largest minority groups were African Americans and Hispanic Americans, each of which made up about 12 percent of the population. Asian and Pacific Islanders totaled about 4 percent. Native Americans—the original inhabitants of the land that became the United States—made up less than 1 percent of the population.

States and cities

More than three fourths of Americans live in or near cities. The United States contains some of the largest cities in the world. New York City, with more than 7 million residents, is the nation's biggest. Los Angeles, California, is second (with about 3.6 million people), while Chicago, Illinois, is third (with about 2.8 million people). Other cities with more than 1 million residents are Houston, Texas; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; San Diego, California; Phoenix, Arizona; San Antonio, Texas; and Dallas, Texas.


Many early settlers came to the Americas seeking religious freedom, and the ability to worship as one chooses remains an important right. About 85 percent of the people in the United States can be described as Christian. Protestants are the largest group of Christians in the United States, followed by Roman Catholics. About 6 percent of the people practice other religions, including Islam and Judaism; others do not practice any faith.

The arts

Americans have made their mark on all types of arts. Films and television shows produced in the United States are enjoyed throughout the world, though they often give foreigners an unrealistic impression of the lives of average Americans. Jazz, blues, and rock and roll are three of the best-known forms of American music. Broadway, an area of New York City known for its theaters, has a worldwide reputation for theatrical excellence. American literature has a long and distinguished tradition as well. Several U.S. writers have won the Nobel prize for literature, including Ernest Hemingway, John Steinbeck, Saul Bellow, and Toni Morrison.


The United States is a great economic power. The nation's wealth is a reflection of its highly developed industry, its enormous agricultural output, and its rich natural resources.


2. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту:

  1. When was the United States established?

  2. Why does the US have it’s unique character?

  3. Is the US a large country?

  4. How many states are there in the US?

  5. What are major ethnic groups in the US?

  6. What are major American cities?

  7. How many people in the US can be described as Christian?

  8. What are best-known forms of American music?

  9. Who has won the Nobel prize among American writers?

  10. Is the US a great economic power?

Часть II

Задание 1. Раскройте скобки, выбрав нужную форму глагола:

  1. There (is, are) a large table in my room.

  2. There (is, are) three windows in my classroom.

  3. There (is, are) a table and four chairs in my room.

  4. There (is, are) a blackboard, four tables and five chairs in our classroom.

  5. There (is, are) a text book and two note-books on my table.

Задание 2. Поставьте следующие предложения в отрицательную и вопросительную формы:

  1. There is a blackboard in my classroom.

  2. There are some English books on the table.

  3. There are a lot of mistakes in your dictation.

  4. There is a new grammar rule in Lesson Four.

  5. There is a telegram on the table.

  6. There is too little ink in my pen to write two letters.

Задание 3. Переведите следующие предложения на английский язык, используя конструкцию there is/there are:

  1. В Москве много красивых зданий.

  2. В его докладе есть некоторые ошибки.

  3. На площади Свердлова много театров.

  4. В моем диктанте много ошибок.

  5. В статье нет ничего интересного.

Задание 4. Заполните пропуски в следующих предложениях глаголом to have (в настоящем или прошедшем времени):

  1. Excuse me, _____ you _____ a pen I could borrow?

  2. Why are you holding your face like that? _____ you ____ a toothache?

  3. _____ you ____ a bicycle when you were a child?

  4. “_____you ____ the time, please?” “Yes, it’s ten past seven.”

  5. When you did the exam, ______ you ____ time to answer all the questions?

  6. I need a stamp for this letter. _____ you ____ one?

  7. “It started to rain while I was walking home.” “Did it? ______ you ____ an umbrella?”

Задание 5. Вставьте в предложения следующие словосочетания с глаголом to have:

have lunch

have a cigarette

have a shower

have a swim

have a rest

have a party

have a nice time

have a good flight

have a look

have a chat

have a baby

  1. I don’t eat much during the day. I never have _______.

  2. David likes to keep fit, so he _______ every day.

  3. We ______ last Saturday. It was great – we invited lots of people.

  4. Excuse me, can I ______ at your newspaper, please?

  5. ‘Where’s Jim?’ ‘He ______ in his room. He’s very tired.’

  6. I met Ann in the supermarket yesterday. We stopped and _______.

  7. I haven’t seen you since you came back from holidays. _______?

  8. Suzanne _______ a few weeks ago. It’s her second child.

  9. I don’t usually smoke but I was feeling very nervous, so I ______.

  10. The phone rang but I couldn’t answer because I ______.

  11. You meet Tom at the airport. He has just arrived. You say: Hello, Tom. ______________?

Задание 6. Определите, какое из подчеркнутых существительных правильное:

  1. Sue was very helpful. She gave us some very useful advice/advices.

  2. We had very good weather/a very good weather while we were on holidays.

  3. We were very unfortunate. We had bad luck/a bad luck.

  4. It’s very difficult to find a work/job at the moment.

  5. Our travel/journey form London to Istanbul was very tiring.

  6. When the fire alarm rang, there was total chaos/a total chaos.

  7. I had to buy a/some bread because I wanted some sandwiches.

  8. Bad news don’t/doesn’t make people happy.

  9. Your hair is/your hairs are too long. You should have it/them cut.

Задание 7. Заполните пропуски в предложениях следующими словами. В некоторых случаях необходимо употребить существительное во множественном числе:












  1. I didn’t have much _______ - just two small bags.

  2. They’ll tell you all you want to know. They’ll give you plenty of _______.

  3. There is room for everybody to sit down. There are plenty of _______.

  4. We have no _______, not even a bed or table.

  5. ‘What does Alan look like?’ ‘He’s got a long beard and very short___.’

  6. Carla’s English is better than it was. She’s made _______.

  7. George is unemployed. He’s looking for a ______.

  8. George is unemployed. He’s looking for ______.

  9. If you want to leave work early, you have to ask for ______.

  10. I don’t think Ann will get the job. She hasn’t got enough ______.

  11. Rita has done many interesting things. She should write a book about her ______.

Задание 8. Заполните пропуски в следующих предложениях местоимениями some и any:

  1. We didn’t buy _______ flowers.

  2. This evening I’m going out with _______ friends of mine.

  3. ‘Have you seen _______ good films recently?’ ‘No, I haven’t been to the cinema for ages.’

  4. I didn’t have _______ money, so I had to borrow _______.

  5. Can I have _______ sugar in my coffee, please?

  6. I was too tired to do _______ work.

  7. You can cash these traveller’s cheques at _______ bank.

  8. Can you give me _______ information about places of interest in the town?

  9. With the special tourist train ticket, you can travel on _______ train you like.

  10. If there are _______ words you don’t understand, use a dictionary.

Задание 9. Заполните пропуски словами much, many, few и little:

  1. He isn’t very popular. He has ________ friends.

  2. Ann is very busy these days. She has _______ free time.

  3. Did you take ________ photographs when you were on holiday?

  4. I’m not very busy today. I haven’t got ________ to do.

  5. The museum was very crowded. There were too ________ people.

  6. Most of the town is modern. There are ________ old buildings.

  7. The weather has been very dry recently. We’ve had ________ rain.

Задание 10. Закончите предложения, используя выражение plenty (of) и один из следующих вариантов:





to learn

things to see

  1. There is no need to hurry. We’ve got __________________________.

  2. He’s got no financial problems. He’s got _______________________.

  3. She knows a lot but she still has ______________________________.

  4. Come and sit with us. There’s _______________________________.

  5. It is an interesting town to visit. There are ______________________.

  6. I’m sure we’ll find somewhere to stay. There are _______________ here.

Задание 11. Поставьте глаголы в нужную форму в следующих предложениях, используя время Present Continuous:









  1. ‘You _________ hard today.’ ‘Yes, I have a lot to do.’

  2. I _________ for Christine. Do you know where she is?

  3. It _________ dark. Shall I turn on the light?

  4. They haven’t got anywhere to live at the moment. They _________ with friends until they find somewhere.

  5. ‘Are you ready, Ann?’ ‘Yes, _________.’

  6. Have you got an umbrella? It _________ to rain.

  7. You __________ a lot of noise. Could you be quieter? I _________ to concentrate.

Задание 12. Используя слова в скобках, закончите вопросы, поставив глаголы Present Continuous:

  1. ‘________ this week’ ‘No, he’s on holiday.’ (Colin/work)

  2. Why ________ at me like that? What’s the matter? (you/look)

  3. ‘Jenny is a student at university.’ ‘Is she? What ________?’(she/study)

  4. ________ to the radio or can I turn it off? (anybody/listen)

  5. How is your English? ________ better? (it/get)

Задание 13. Поставьте глаголы в правильную форму, используя время Present Simple:

  1. Jane ________ tea very often (not/drink).

  2. What time ________ in Britain (the banks/close)?

  3. ‘Where ________ from?’ ‘He’s Scottish (Martin/come).’

  4. ‘What ________?’ ‘I’m an electrical engineer (you/do).’

  5. It ________ me an hour to get to work (take). How long ________ you (it/take)?

  6. I ________ the piano but I ________ very well (play) / (not/play).

  7. I don’t understand this sentence. What _________ (this word/mean)?

Задание 14. Закончите следующие предложения, используя указанные ниже глаголы (в некоторых предложениях необходимо поставить глаголы в отрицательную форму), используя время Present Simple:










  1. The earth ________ the sun.

  2. Rice ________ in Britain.

  3. The sun ________ in the East.

  4. Bees ________ honey.

  5. Vegetarians ________ meat.

  6. An atheist ________ in God.

  7. An interpreter ________ from one language into another.

  8. A liar is someone who ________ the truth.

  9. The River Amazon ________ into the Atlantic Ocean.

Задание 15. Поставьте глаголы во время Present Continuous или Present Simple:

  1. Let’s go out. It ___ now (not/rain).

  2. Julia is very good at languages. She ___ four languages very well (speak).

  3. Hurry up! Everybody ___ for you (wait).

  4. “___to the radio (you/listen)?” “No, you can turn it off.”

  5. “___to the radio every day (you/listen)?” “No, just occasionally.”

  6. The River Nile ___ into the Mediterranean (flow).

  7. Look at the river. It ___ very fast today – much faster than usual (flow).

  8. We usually ___ vegetables in our garden but this year we ___ any (grow) / (not/grow).

  9. “How is your English?” “Not bad. It ___ slowly (improve).”

  10. Ron is in London at the moment. He ___ at the Park Hotel. He ___ there when he’s in London (stay) / (always/ stay).

  11. Can we stop walking soon? I ___ to feel tired (start).

  12. “Can you drive?” “I ___. My father ___ me (learn) / (teach).”

  13. Normally I ___ work at 5.00, but this week I ___ until 6/00 to earn a bit more money (finish) / (work).

  14. My parents ___ in Bristol (live). They were born there and have never lived anywhere else. Where ___ (your parents/live)?

  15. Sonia ___ for a place to live (look). She ___ with her sister until she finds somewhere (stay).

  16. “What ___ (your father/do)?” “He’s an architect but he ___ at the moment (not/work).”

  17. (at a party) Usually I ___ parties but I ___ this one very much (enjoy) / (not enjoy).

  18. The train is never late. It ___ on time (always/leave).

  19. Jim is very untidy. He ___ his things all over the place (always/leave).

Задание 16. Употребите в предложениях один из следующих глаголов, используя время Past Simple:













  1. Mozart ___ more than 600 pieces of music.

  2. “How did you learn to drive?” “My father ___ me.”

  3. We couldn’t afford to keep our car, so we ___ it.

  4. I was very thirsty. I ___ the water very quickly.

  5. Paul and I played tennis yesterday. He’s much better than me, so he ___easily.

  6. Don ___ down the stairs this morning and ___ his leg.

  7. Jim ___ the ball to Sue, who ___ it.

  8. Ann ___ a lot of money yesterday. She ___ a dress which ___ $ 100.

Задание 17. Напишите вопросы, используя время Past Simple:

  1. (where / go) ?

  2. (go alone) ?

  3. (food / good) ?

  4. (how long / stay there) ?

  5. (stay / at a hotel) ?

  6. (how / travel) ?

  7. (the weather / fine) ?

  8. (what / do in the evenings) ?

  9. (meet anybody interesting) ?

Задание 18. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в нужную форму, если необходимо – отрицательную, используя время Past Simple.

  1. It was warm, so I ___ off my coat. (take)

  2. The film wasn’t very good. I ___ it very much. (enjoy)

  3. I knew Sarah was very busy, so I ___ her. (disturb)

  4. I was very tired, so I ___ to bed early. (go)

  5. The bed was very uncomfortable. I ___ very well. (sleep)

  6. Sue wasn’t hungry, so she ___ anything. (eat)

  7. We went to Kate’s house but she ___ at home. (be)

  8. It was a funny situation but nobody ___ . (laugh)

  9. The window was open and a bird ___ into the room. (fly)

  10. The hotel wasn’t very expensive. It ___ very much. (cost)

  11. I was in a hurry, so I ___ time to phone you. (have)

  12. It was hard work carrying the bags. They ___ very heavy. (be)

Задание 19. Употребив Present Perfect, составьте предложения:

Dear Chris.

Lots of things have happened since I last wrote to you.

  1. I / buy / a new car

  2. my father / start / a new job

  3. I / give up / smoking

  4. Charles and Sarah / go / to Brazil

  5. Suzanne / have / a baby

Задание 20. Напишите предложения, подставив нужный глагол во времени Present Perfect :



go up




  1. Mike is looking for his key. He can’t find it. He ___ .

  2. Margaret can’t walk and her leg is in plaster. She ___ .

  3. Maria’s English wasn’t very good. Now it is much better. ______

  4. Tim didn’t have a beard last month. Now he has a beard. ______

  5. This morning I was expecting a letter. Now I have it._______

6) Last week the bus fare was 80 pence. Now it is 90. ________


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