2010-2014 National Program of forced industrial and innovative development of the Republic of Kazakhstan and cancellation of certain decrees of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan




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2010-2014 National Program of forced industrial and innovative development of the Republic of Kazakhstan and cancellation of certain decrees of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated March 19, 2010 # 958


“Kazakhstanskaya pravda” dated March 31, 2010, # 74 (26135);

“Egemen Kazakhstan” dated March 31, 2010, # 115-116 (25962)


      In order to obtain diversification and improve competitive ability of economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan for long-run period I DECREE:
      1. Confirmation of the 2010-2014 National Program of forced industrial and innovative development of the Republic of Kazakhstan (hereinafter referred to as the Program).
      2. To the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan:
      1) within a period of one month it shall develop and confirm Industrial Map of Kazakhstan for 2010-2014 and Rational Distribution of Productive Capacity Scheme until 2015;
      2) within a period of one month it shall develop and confirm Work Plan of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan on realization of the Program;
      3) according to the results of half-year period it shall submit information on realization process of the Program before July 20 and January 20 to the Administration of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      3. The Central and Local Executive bodies and also the State bodies, immediate subordinates and executives accountable to the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall take measures on realization of the Program.
      4. Cancellation of certain decrees of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan according to the Appendix to the present Decree.
      5. The Administration of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be responsible for control of implementation of the present Decree.
      6. The present Decree enters into force since the date of signature.

      The President
      of the Republic of Kazakhstan                       N. Nazarbayev

CONFIRMED         
by the Decree of the President
of the Republic of Kazakhstan   
of March 19, 2010 # 958

2010-2014 NATIONAL PROGRAM

of forced industrial and innovative development

of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Astana, 2010

Contents

      The Program description
      Introduction
      Analysis of the current situation
      Purpose, priorities, tasks and principles of the Program
      Primary areas of realization of the Program
      1. Development of priority economy sectors effecting its diversification and improvement of competitive ability
      1.1 Diversification of production in "traditional industries"
      Oil and gas sector
      Petroleum chemistry
      Ore mining and smelting branch area
      Chemical industry
      Atomic industry
      1.2 Area development on the basis of domestic demand
      Machinery
      Pharmaceutical industry
      Construction engineering and constructional materials production
      1.3 Support of areas with export potential
      Agroindustrial complex
      Light industry
      Touristic industry
      1.4 Development of sectors "of economy of the future"
      Information and Communication Technologies
      Biotechnologies
      Space activities
      Alternative energetics
      Atomic energetics
      2. Key measures of priority sectors development support
      2.1 Energy infrastructure provision
      2.2 Transport infrastructure provision
      2.3 Infocommunication provision
      2.4 Development of mineral resources complex
      2.5 Qualified personnel resources provision
      2.6 Reduction of administrative barriers
      2.7 Development of business competition
      2.8 Technical regulation and quality infrastructure development
      2.9 Energy saving
      2.10 Development of innovations and assistance to technologic modernization
      2.11 Tariff policy
      2.12 Attracting investments and development of free economic areas
      2.13 Trade policy
      2.14 Instruments of financial support of the Program
      3. Formation of economic growth centers on the basis of rational territorial organization of economic potential
      3.1 Territorial organization of industrial potential in priority sectors of economy
      3.2 Formation of economic growth centers
      4. Effective interaction between the Government and business actors in development of priority sectors of economy
      4.1 Scheme and instruments of realization of the Program on Republican level
      4.1.1 Role of strategic big private companies and subjects of quasi-public sector in realization of the Program
      4.1.2 Mechanisms of realization of the Program on Republican level
      4.2 Scheme and instruments of realization of the Program on regional level
      4.2.1 Role of development institutes, national companies in realization of the Program on regional level
      4.2.2 Mechanisms of realization of the Program on regional level (Business road map of 2020)
      4.3 Business combination role improvement
      5. Financial security of the Program
      6. Results of the Program


The Program description

Name of the Program

2010-2014 NATIONAL PROGRAM

of forced industrial and innovative development of the Republic of Kazakhstan


Basis of development


1) Clause 1 of the Work plan on realization of instructions of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, received on extraordinary XII meeting of NDP "Nur Otan" on May 15,2009, approved by the decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan of June 2, 2009 # 326;


2) Clauses 3 and 4 of the Work plan on realization of instructions of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, received on III session of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan of fourth convocation on September 1, 2009, approved by the order of the Head of Administration of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan of September 19, 2009 # 01-30.27.


Developer


Ministry of Trade and Economic Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Ministry of Industry and Innovative Technologies of the Republic of Kazakhstan


Purpose of the Program


To guarantee stable and well-balanced economic growth by means of diversification and improvement of its competitive ability


Tasks


Development of priority sectors of economy, effecting its diversification and improvement of competitive ability;


Strengthening of social efficiency of development of priority sectors of economy and investment projects realization;


Creation of positive environment for industrial development;


Formation of economic growth centers on the basis of rational territorial organization of economic potential;


Guarantee of effective interaction between the Government and business actors in development of priority sectors of economy.


Terms of realization


2010 - 2014


Necessary resources and sources of financing

    

State budget and finance of enterprises, organizations, including finance of national companies and organizations involving the Government.

Amount of financing from Republican and local budgets will be defined while forming respective budgets for the planned period.


Target codes


Increase of:


    GDP for no less than 7 trillions of KZT, approximately for 50 % of GDP in 2008, in real terms the growth of GDP will be 15 %;

    manufacturing industry ratio in the structure of GDP for the level of no less than 12,5 %;

    non-primary export ratio for the level of no less than 40 % of total export volume;

    non-primary export volume for the level of no less than 43 % of volume of combined production of manufacturing industry;

    labour productivity in manufacturing industry no less than in 1,5 times;

    labour productivity in agroindustrial complex no less than in 2 times from 3 000 USD for one engaged in agricultural industry;

    share of Kazakhstan content in acquisitions by State bodies and organizations, National control holding, National holdings and companies – of goods for 60 %, services – up to 90 %;

    share of innovative active enterprises – up to 10 % of the number of operating enterprises.


Decrease of:

    transportation costs ration in the structure of prime cost of non-primary sector for the level of no less than 8 %;

    GDP energy-output ratio for no less than 10 % of the level of 2008

Introduction

     2010-2014 National Program of forced industrial and innovative development of the Republic of Kazakhstan (hereinafter referred to as the Program) was developed to implement the decree of the Head of State received on extraordinary XII meeting of NDP "Nur Otan" on May 15,2009, the Messages of the Head of State to people of Kazakhstan "New decade - new economic upturn – new opportunities of Kazakhstan" and also in accordance with the key provisions of the Strategic Development Plan of the Republic of Kazakhstan until 2020, which is the second step in realization of The Development Strategy of Kazakhstan until 2030.
      The purpose of the Program is to guarantee stable and well-balanced economic growth by means of diversification and improvement of its competitive ability.
      The Program is a logical continuation of conducted policy on diversification of economy and it contains the main provisions of the Industrial-innovation Development Strategy for 2003-2015, the Program "30 corporate leaders of Kazakhstan" and other program documents in the sphere of industrialization.
      For the period up to 2015 the main priority of the forced industrial policy will be realization of big investment projects in traditional export-orientated sectors of economy with multiplication of new business opportunities for small and medium-sized businesses by means of focused development of Kazakhstan content and following processing.
     The initiators of big projects promotion will be JSC National Welfare Fund «Samruk-Kazyna» (hereinafter referred to as - JSC «NWF «Samruk-Kazyna»), strategic companies of fuel-energy and metallurgical sectors of economy and also strategic foreign investors.
      Simultaneously there must be formation and/or development of the sectors of economy which are not related to raw materials sector, but oriented on internal and then on regional markets (the countries of the Customs Union and Central Asia.
      The Government will support the initiatives of Kazakhstan medium-sized and small businesses focused on transfer of high technologies, attracting foreign investments for creation of modern import-substituting productions with the prospect of their export orientation development.
     Development of national innovative infrastructure and support of scientific-technologic projects with prospects of commercialization will continue in order to form the basics of post-industrial economy.
      In general, the Governmental support of diversification economy will be provided by realization of system measures of economic policy on macro-and sectoral levels and also selective support measures of specific sectors of economy and projects.
     The system measures of economic policy will be concentrated on formation of positive macro-environment and investment climate, improvement measures of productivity and competitive ability of the national economy.
      The selective measures will be taken on the basis of combined set of measures of financial and nonfinancial support of priority sectors and projects.
      The Government will systematic organize its interaction with business on the basis of formation of effective institutes of cooperation on Republican and regional levels.
      Necessary course of the industrialization policy up to 2015 will have internal consistency with resources, infrastructural, institutional and technologic restrictions. System character of the mechanisms involved into the Program, stimulating diversification and technologic modernization of economy, will provide:
      creation of positive macro-environment conditions;
      improvement of business-climate and stimulation of investments flow-in;
      mass technologic modernization and development of national innovative system;
     improvement of human capital quality.
      Concentration of the resources of the Government and business for development of priority sectors of economy will be provided with interactive decision making process of the Government and business, using modern information systems of monitoring and specific instruments of realization.

Analysis of the current situation

      The course of industrial- innovative development, started in the beginning of 2000, strategically determined main risks of Kazakhstan economy: what was chosen is the single course on diversification of economy and departure from dependence of raw materials production activity.
      For this period the institutional basics of industrialization were created:
      National Fund that guarantees economic stability;
      JSC «NWF «Samruk-Kazyna» that consolidates potential of the State to realize breakthrough areas;
      development institutes that processes diversification;
      dialogue on interaction and coordination of actions of the Government and business.
      Within the investment policy the legal framework determining legal and economic foundations of investments stimulation was improved.
      These measures allowed proper growth of also non-oil sector of economy and conditions for further development of small and medium-sized businesses in the period of active economic growth relating to the gas and oil producing sector growth.
      In spite of certain results, the diversification policy and innovative development were not realized completely because of number of system effects typical for resource economies of countries with developing markets:
     the symptoms of "the Dutch disease" of economy arose, leading to redeployment of resources (investment, labor) in raw materials sector;
      market mechanism in that period could not detect "overheat" of certain sectors of economy and help the Government to determine "the right" structure of economy;
      the diversification policy had no necessary critical mass for its development.
      Amounts of the Governmental investments for diversification were not enough and were not properly concentrated that could not lead to some serious structural changes.
      As a result, the structure of economy remains oriented on raw materials production activity and the structure of employment characterizes low effectiveness of labor potential realization. In 2008 the agricultural employment was 31,5 % of people and the share of this sector’s production in the structure of GDP was only 5,8 %. For the period from 2000 to 2008 the share of processing industry in GDP reduced from 16,5 % to 11,8 % and the share of mining industry increased from 13 % to 18,7 %.
      Within the key factor of competitive ability of economy - productivity, in spite of positive dynamics of the previous years, Kazakhstan is behind of average developed countries: according to the data of 2008, labour productiveness at parity of buying capacity in Kazakhstan was 22,6 thousands of USD per man, when in Russia - 33,4, in Japan - 68,2, in the USA - 98,1.
      Extensive character of Kazakhstan business growth oriented on fast receiving of profits from the raw materials export did not allow it to significantly change and get to internal market while changing of the world business environment.
      The initiatives of the Government did not get proper support of business society, because young national business was not strong enough to be an active actor of diversification and start new innovative for Kazakhstan business and compete on the world market attracting the world leading companies as strategic partners.
      In pre-crisis period market economy of Kazakhstan was formed evolutionarily. Procyclical development was determined by the dynamics of export- primary sector growth and availability of cheap investment resources on external financial markets.
      Specific character of national medium-sized and small businesses in Kazakhstan was determined by its ability to occupy empty spaces guaranteeing fast obtaining of investments (internal non-trade sectors of economy: real estate, trade, local construction engineering, trade- mediatory sector and services).
      Therefore, business priorities did not correlate with the Government’s priorities on development of manufacturing activities with big added value of products. Those tendencies were also reflected in respective investment projects portfolio of development institutes and second-tier banks. It reflects the objective evolutionary process of national business formation. Crisis, that blew up those "bubbles", makes to search for new markets and innovative products. Optimal way of post-crisis development of Kazakhstan is quickened industrialization.
      The world experience witnesses different ways of industrialization: strategies of "catching development", "traditional specialization", "post-industrial development". Considering the structure of the national economy, the "traditional specialization" strategy seems right industrialization strategy for the present stage of industrialization development of Kazakhstan’s economy with the emphasis on raw materials sector and following transferring from raw materials manufactures to higher processing.
     Stable links between sectors of traditional specialization and the rest of economy allow to form a range of associate fields, which will get possibility of development through their services. That will also form conducive conditions for formation of bunches of small and medium-sized businesses around the manufactures of raw materials sector.
      Nowadays, when competition on developing markets grows and it is important to occupy these internal and potential external markets, it is necessary to maximally unlock the potential of the Customs Union with available market of 170 millions of people. Therewith, unique geographical position of Kazakhstan makes it possible for the country to become an effective global mediator in Asia and the CIS (Russia, Central Asia, China, Iran, India). In order to widen available markets with strong presence of Kazakhstan’s manufactures, it is necessary to guarantee intensive support of non-primary export of agroindustrial complex, textile industry and tourism.
      Simultaneously it is necessary to selectively support the sectors "of economy of the future", which will play the dominant role in the world economy the following 15-20 years.
      The main condition of successful realization of the industrialization policy will be the growth of productivity factors and guarantee of competitive ability of the national economy.
      Forthcoming industrialization will demand transition from the policy of even development of regions to the pinpoint way of development of cities and territories with big potential of growth and high economical activity.
      Effectiveness of the industrialization policy depends on consolidation of efforts of business and the Government on the development of priority sectors of economy and also on formation of effective institutes and mechanisms of their interaction.

Purpose, priorities, tasks and principles of the Program

      The purpose is to guarantee stable and well-balanced economic growth by means of diversification and improvement of its competitive ability.
      Target codes up to 2015:

     Increase of:

    GDP for no less than 7 trillions of KZT, approximately for 50 % of GDP in 2008, in real terms the growth of GDP will be 15 %;

    manufacturing industry ratio in the structure of GDP for the level of no less than 12,5 %;

    non-primary export ratio for the level of no less than 40 % of total export volume;

    non-primary export volume for the level of no less than 43 % of volume of combined production of manufacturing industry;

    labour productivity in manufacturing industry no less than in 1,5 times;

    labour productivity in agroindustrial complex no less than in 2 times from 3 000 USD for one engaged in agricultural industry;

    share of Kazakhstan content in acquisitions by State bodies and organizations, National control holding, National holdings and companies – of goods for 60 %, services – up to 90 %;

    share of innovative active enterprises – up to 10 % of the number of operating enterprises

Decrease of:

    transportation costs ration in the structure of prime cost of non-primary sector for the level of no less than 8 %;

    GDP energy-output ratio for no less than 10 % of the level of 2008.
      Priorities:
      increase of productivity factors as the most important condition of competitive ability growth of the national economy;
     emphasis on attracting investments, mainly direct foreign ones, in creation of new export-oriented high-tech productions;
      development and strengthening of the national innovative system;
      decrease of concentration level of economy and strengthening of the role of small and medium-sized businesses in the industrialization process;
      rational extensional organization of economic potential.
      Tasks:
     Development of priority sectors of economy, effecting its diversification and improvement of competitive ability;

Strengthening of social efficiency of development of priority sectors of economy and investment projects realization;

Creation of positive environment for industrial development;

Formation of economic growth centers on the basis of rational territorial organization of economic potential;

Guarantee of effective interaction between the Government and business actors in development of priority sectors of economy.
     

The Program is based on the following principles:
      orientation on business initiatives;
      support of the "breakthrough" projects and clustered initiatives in non-oil and gas sector;
      optimal distribution of risks between the Government and private sector, clear determination of their roles in the industrialization process;
      multiplication of new business opportunities;
      interativeness relates to the permanent specification in the process of realization of the entry list program depending on the level of working-through projects;
      transparency is the principle of outspokenness of the participants list of the Program, master-plans contents, applicants’ requests, measures of Governmental support, monitoring results of realization of the Program;
     equal access means that native and foreign companies, big, middle-sized and small enterprises can equally participate in the Program;
      competitiveness is the basis of effective projects promotion and prevention of use of non-economic methods;
      transferness (spreading effect) means that the measures of Governmental support relating to development of normative-legal and normative-technical basis (improvement of business- environment) relate to all subjects of economic activity;
      succession means that the most effective measures of the Governmental policy specified in already implementing program documents will be implemented while realization of the present Program.

Primary areas of realization of the Program

1. Development of priority economy sectors effecting its diversification and improvement of competitive ability

      In the following period the industrialization policy will be focused on advance development of priority non-oil and gas sectors through development of the fields of "traditional specialization", which will be accelerators of industrial - innovative processes.
      Efforts of the Government will be concentrated on development of the following priority sectors of economy:
      traditional: oil and gas sector, ore mining and smelting complex, atomic and chemical industry with following transition of rough manufacturing to higher processing;
     based on mineral developers’, national companies’ and the Government’s demands: machinery, building industry, pharmaceutics;
      productions not relating to oil-and-gas and export-oriented sectors: agroindustrial complex, light industry, tourism;
      sectors "of economy of the future" which will play dominant role in the world economy in following 15-20 years: information and communication technologies, biotechnologies, alternative energetics, space activities.
      List of these sectors is not exhaustible, but will be accompanied during the process of realization of the Program.
      Successful diversification of economy relates to stable development of the Republic, including the way of optimization of the controlling system of stable development and implementation of "green" policy of low carbonic economy, including the issues of investments attracting, solution of ecological problems, reduction of negative influence of anthropogenic stress on natural ecosystems, strengthening of responsibility of users of natural resources concerning emission reduction in the environment, complex residue utilization.
      In the speeding process of diversification of economy the Government will stand against realization of non-effective projects, thus the main criterias of projects selection will be productivity, energy-effectiveness and export-orientation considering opportunity of realization of the Customs Union potential.

1.1 Diversification of production in "traditional industries"

Oil and gas sector
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