Контрольная работа III (второй курс, третий семестр)

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Контрольная работа III

(второй курс, третий семестр)

Часть 1.

  1. Прочитайте текст и переведите письменно:

UK Political System

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy. This means that Great Britain is governed by Parliament and the Queen is Head of State.

The legislative power in the country is exercised by the Houses of Parliament. The British Parliament consists of two chambers: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The House of Lords is composed of hereditary and life peers and peeresses. The members of the House of Commons are elected by the people. They are elected from the constituencies in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The House of Commons is the real governing body of the United Kingdom. The executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and his Cabinet. The government is usually formed by the political party which is supported by the majority in the House of Commons. The Prime Minister is the majority party leader and is appointed by the Queen. The Prime Minister chooses a team of ministers: twenty of the ministers are in the Cabinet.

The second largest party becomes the official opposition with its own leader and the Shadow Cabinet. The two leading parties in Great Britain are the Conservative Party (the Tories) and the Labour Party.

The judiciary branch of the government determines common law and is independent both of the legislative and the executive branches.

There is no written constitution in Great Britain, only precedents and traditions.


constitutional monarchy – конституционная монархия

the Queen – королева

Head of State – глава государства

the legislative power – законодательная власть

to be exercised by – осуществляться (чем-л.)

the Houses of Parliament – парламент

the House of Lords – палата лордов

the House of Commons – палата общин

to be composed of smth – состоять из чего-л.

hereditary and life peers – наследственные и пожизненные лорды и пэры

а peeresses - пэресса

a member of – член (чего-л.)

to be elected by the people – избираться народом

to be elected from the constituencies – избираться от избирательного округа

the real governing body – реальный правящий орган

the executive power – исполнительная власть

Prime Minister – премьер-министр

The Cabinet – кабинет

to be supported by the majority – поддерживаться большинством

to be appointed by – назначаться (кем-л.)

to choose a team of ministers – создавать команду министров

the Shadow Cabinet – теневой кабинет

the judiciary branch of the government – судебная власть

to determine common law – определять обще право

to be independent of smth – не зависеть от чего-л.

II. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту:

  1. Who is the Head of State in Great Britain?

  2. What chambers does the British Parliament consist of?

  3. What is the government formed by?

  4. What is the Shadow Cabinet?

  5. Is there a constitution in Great Britain?

Часть 2.

  1. Поставьте глаголы в нужную форму, используя пассивный залог.

  1. TV … by Baird. (invent)

  2. Pyramids … by Egyptians. (build)

  3. His hat … away by the wind now. (blow away)

  4. Coffee … in Brazil. (grow)

  5. Chopsticks … in China. (use)

  6. The plants … by water at the moment. (water)

  7. The thief … yesterday. (chase)

  8. The robber … last week. (arrest)

  9. The injured man … to hospital now. (take)

  10. The car … tomorrow. (repair)

  11. The vase … just … . (break)

  12. The dishes … yet. (not / wash)

  13. The long dresses … in 1890. (wear)

  14. Dinner … in ten minutes. (serve)

  15. The letters … at the moment. (type)

  16. Guernica … by Picasso. (paint)

  17. The parcel … yet. (not / deliver)

  18. Alpha Romeo cars … in Italy. (make)

  19. The thief … late last night. (arrest)

  20. The letter … next week. (deliver)

  1. Переведите глаголы в предложениях из активного залога в пассивный.

  1. The gardener has planted some trees.

  2. Doctor Brown will give you some advice.

  3. A famous designer will redecorate the hotel.

  4. Steven Spielberg directed “E.T.”.

  5. Someone has broken the crystal vase.

  6. His parents have brought him up to be polite.

  7. Fleming discovered penicillin.

  8. They will advertise the product on television.

  9. Someone is remaking that film.

  10. The police arrested him.

  11. The traffic warden had already given him a ticket for illegal parking

  12. People must obey the law.

  13. Someone had broken our door down.

  14. They chose him as the best actor of the year.

  15. Somebody has stolen a bus from outside the school.

  1. Переведите глаголы в предложениях из активного залога в пассивный.

  1. He gave me a present.

  2. The waiter will bring us the bill.

  3. The Queen presented him with a medal.

  4. Her mother bought Mary some sweets.

  5. Bob has sold Ted a second-hand car.

  6. Larry is going to send a letter to Tom.

  7. Someone is helping her with the housework.

  8. A pickpocket robbed me.

  9. The mail-order company sent Mrs Green a parcel.

  10. Someone will pay you within the next few days.

  11. You can improve your health with more exercise.

  12. A dog is chasing the child.

  13. My friend sent me an invitation.

  14. The farmer is building a new barn.

  15. The secretary has given Mrs Jones some letters.

4. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Perfect.

  1. The train to Moscow (…) (already/leave).

  2. Michael (…) (be) to my home town twice.

  3. I (…) (break) my leg once.

  4. We (…) (live) here for a year.

  5. I (…) (watch) the film twice.

  6. My sister (…) (read) the book.

  7. We (…) (never/be) to London.

  8. Mary (…) (just/see) her friend.

  9. My friends (…) (never/swim) in the Atlantic Ocean.

  10. I think I (…) (not see) her before.

  11. She (…) (not have) a holiday this year.

  12. The shop (…) (not open) yet.

  13. John(…) (never/ride) a bicycle.

  14. We (…) (not do) our homework yet.

  15. I (…) (not be) to the cinema for ages.

  16. Our letter(…) (yet/arrive).

  17. My parents (…) (live) in the same city all their lives.

  18. The Smiths (…) (move) a house.

5. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Perfect.

  1. What organisations (…) he (…) (work) for?

  2. How many flowers (…) we (…) (sell)?

  3. (…) you (…) (ever/ break) an arm?

  4. (…) the post (…) (arrive)?

  5. (…) Ms Smith (…) (work) here longer than you?

  6. (…) your daughter (…) (ever/sleep) in a tent?

  7. Where (…) you (…) (be)?

  8. How long (…) they (…) (have) their house?

  9. How many books (…) Michael (…) (write)?

  10. What cities (…) you (…) (be) to?

6. Заполните пропуски в предложениях используя for или since.

  1. I haven't been at home (…) Christmas.

  2. We've been here (…) ten o'clock.

  3. I have worked for this company (…) more than eight years.

  4. I haven't been to the theatre (…) ages.

  5. I have studied for the exam (…) 9.15.

  6. I have had this toy (…) I was eight.

  7. She hasn't had a day off (…) 2007.

  8. John has been in France (…) more than three weeks now.

7. Раскройте скобки, поставив глаголы в скобках в Present Perfect или Past Simple.

  1. I (…) (run / just) 10 km.

  2. I (…) (run) 20 km last week.

  3. I (…) (write) a composition two days ago.

  4. I (…) (write / already) two compositions this month.

  5. I (…) (ring / just) my friend.

  6. I (…) (ring) my friend 10 minutes ago.

  7. Two days ago, I (…) (watch) a Madonna concert on TV.

  8. I (…) (see / already) Madonna live in concert.

  9. I (…) (spend) my summer holiday in Sochi last year.

  10. I (…) (be / not) to Sochi yet.

    1. Ознакомьтесь с ситуациями и составьте предложения из слов в скобках, используя Past Perfect:

1) You went to Jill’s house, but she wasn’t there. (she/go/out) She had gone out.

2) You went back to your home town after many years. It was not the same as before. (it/change/a lot).

3) I invited Rachel to the party but she couldn’t come. (she/arrange/to do something else)

4) You went to the cinema last night. You arrived to the cinema late. (the film/already/begin)

5) I was very pleased to see Tim again after such a long time. (I/not/see/him for five years)

6) I offered Sue something to eat but she wasn’t hungry. (she/just/have/breakfast)

  1. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Past Perfect или Past Simple:

      1. John ___________ (light) the candles when she arrived.

2) She __________ (cook) lunch before the children came home.

3) When she arrived at the theatre he _________ (buy) the tickets.

4) After Jim and Terry had finished their breakfast, they _______ (go) to fish.

5) The party _______ (already/start) by the time I arrived.

6) She sealed the letter, put a stamp on it and _________ (post) it.

  1. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Future Perfect:

      1. She __________ (finish) by 8 o’clock.

      2. I ___________ (read) this book by next week.

      3. They _______ (build) a new school by the end of this year.

      4. He ________ (graduate) from University by 2009.

      5. She ________ (finish) doing her homework when her mother comes home.


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