The three major ages of North America since Columbus, in chronological order, are




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Chapter 3

North America


Multiple Choice


Introduction


 1. The two major language groups in Canada are:

A. English and Spanish *B. English and French C. English and Canadian

D. Canadian and French E. only English is spoken widely in Canada


 2. _____ percentage of North American society lives in urban areas.

*A. 75% B. 90% C. 50%

D. 10% E. 35%


 3. Every year about _____ of Americans change residence.

A. 25% *B. 17% C. 10%

D. 40% E. 50%


 4. The three major ages of North America since Columbus, in chronological order, are:

A. urban, industrial, agricultural

*B. agriculture, industrial urbanization, postindustrial society and economy

C. postindustrial society and economy, agriculture, industrial urbanization

D. urban, rural, postindustrial society and economy

E. 1492-1700, 1701-1980, 1980-present


 5. The United States is approximately _________ times larger than Canada in terms of population.

A. 2 B. 3 *C. 10

D. 25 E. Canada’s population is larger than that of the United States


 6. Which of the following is true?

A. Canada is a fragmented state.

*B. The United States is a fragmented state.

C. Canadians live, for the most part, more than 200 miles from the U.S. border.

D. Hawai’i causes the United States to be called a fragmented state.

E. All of the above are false.


 7. Approximately _____ percent of the Canadian population speaks French.

A. 5 B. 15 *C. 25

D. 55 E. 90


 8. ___ percent of Quebec’s population is French speaking.

A. 20 B. 10 *C. 85

D. 100 E. 98

 9. Which of the following is inaccurate? Both Canada and the United States:

A. are federal states

B. have plural societies

C. possess varied natural resource bases

*D. have large populations by world standards

E. have strongly urbanized populations


10. Which Canadian province contains the majority of French-speaking citizens?

A. Nova Scotia B. British Columbia C Manitoba

*D. Quebec E. Maine


11. Blacks today constitute about ______ percent of the United States’ population.

*A. 13 B. 27 C. 39

D. 48 E. 3


North America’s Physical Geography


12. The major mountain chain in the eastern United States is the:

A. Rockies *B. Appalachians C. Cascades D. Atlantic Mountains E. there are no mountains in the eastern United States


13. The physiographic region called the Canadian Shield:

*A. is the geologic core of North America

B. is an intermontane zone

C. consists of an extensive sedimentary surface

D. is bordered on the west by the Appalachian Mountains

E. is also known as the Arctic Coastal Plain


14. Which of the following states contains territory located in the Intermontane Basin and Plateau physiographic province?

A. Wisconsin B. Texas C. Pennsylvania

*D. Nevada E. New York


15. Which western United States city is least likely to suffer from the adverse effects of the “rain shadow” phenomenon?

*A. San Francisco B. Denver C. Salt Lake City

D. Las Vegas E. Phoenix


16. Which of the following states is not located within Humid America?

A. Tennessee *B. Utah C. Iowa

D. Arkansas E. Florida


17. The Great Lakes’ main outlet to the sea is the:

A. Mississippi River *B. St. Lawrence River C. Colorado River

D. Columbia River E. Great Lakes have no outlet to the sea

18. Which of the following is false?

*A. Tornadoes are much less common in North America than in other parts of the world.

B. Winds are named for the direction from which they come.

C. An isohyet connects points of equal rainfall.

D. Drier climates give rise to a grassland cover.

E. The St. Lawrence Seaway is now of limited utility.


19. An isohyet is a:

*A. type of tornado B. Pacific hurricane C. line of equal temperature

D. type of weather inversion E. line of equal rainfall


20. A continental climate is most likely found in:

*A. New York B. Oregon C. Florida

D. Delaware E. Kansas


The United States


21. Which of the following cities is not located on one of the Great Lakes?

A. Chicago B. Toronto *C. Pittsburgh

D. Buffalo E. Detroit


22. Which of the following is not a major component of United States population movement?

A. north to south movement B. immigration C. east to west

D. illegal immigration *E. Canada to the United States


23. Which of the following statements about migration is false?

A. pull factors attract migrants to destinations

B. push factors motivate people to move away

C. every migration from source to destination produces a counter-stream

D. 75 million Europeans left Europe between 1835 and 1935

*E. longer distances to a destination attract more migrants than shorter distances


24. Which of the following areas was not one of the cultural hearths of the United States?

A. New England *B. The Ohio River Valley C. Middle-Atlantic Pennsylvania

D. Tidewater Maryland E. Tidewater Virginia


Twentieth-Century Industrial Urbanization


25. Which of the following cities reached its peak as a dynamic economic center during the Steel-Rail Epoch (1870-1920)?

*A. Pittsburgh B. Boston C. Los Angeles

D. New Orleans E. Miami

26. The first era in Borchert’s epochs of metropolitan evolution was:

A. Iron Horse *B. Sail-Wagon C. Steel-Rail

D. Auto-Air-Amenity E. none of the above


27. During the Sail-Wagon epoch most of the important American cities were found in the:

A. Midwest *B. Northeast C. South

D. Ohio River Valley E. northern part of Maine


28. An amenity is:

A. a form of transportation used in the Midwest

*B. something pleasant in the environment

C. an epoch of metropolitan evolution in Canada

D. only found in Sunbelt locales

E. found in the northern part of Maine


29. The core area of the United States is known as the:

A. Northeast B. Atlantic Seaboard *C. American Manufacturing Belt D. Borchert epoch E. mega-urban area


30. Which of the following is not a primary conurbation?

A. Lower Great Lakes (Chicago-Detroit-Pittsburgh) *B. Desert (Phoenix-Tuscon)

C. California (San Diego-Los Angeles-San Francisco)

D. Peninsular Florida (Jacksonville, Orlando, Tampa, Miami) E. Megalopolis


31. In 1900, the geographic form of the American city was most strongly shaped by:

A. the automobile B. concentric rings of expanding industry

*C. the electric streetcar D. rapidly growing suburban communities

E. pedestrian traffic


32. In 1980, the geographic form of the American city was most strongly shaped by:

*A. the automobile B. concentric rings of expanding industry

C. the electric streetcar D. rapidly growing suburban communities

E. rapid transit


33. The largely black areas in US cities are often called:

*A. ghettos B. neighborhoods C. outer cities

D. amenities E. urban realms


34. The final era of the Adams model of intraurban structural evolution is the:

A. Automobile era B. Electric Streetcar Era *C. Freeway Era

D. Walking-Horsecar Era E. Error Era

35. Which of the following is false?

A. Many U.S. suburbs have now become full-fledged outer cities

B. the urban realms model has been applied to Los Angeles by James Vance

C. the recreational automobile era was from 1920-1945

*D. all CBDs are found in the suburbs

E. the electric streetcar was the first mass transit that just about everyone could afford


Cultural Geography


36. Which religious group does not fit with the area identified?

*A. Mormons and New York B. Jews and urban areas C. Baptists and the South

D. Catholics and the Northeast E. Lutherans and the upper Midwest


37. Which city contains the United States’ largest cluster of Asian ethnics?

*A. Los Angeles B. Miami C. New York

D. Montreal E. Pittsburgh


38. One of the fastest growing U.S. minorities is the:

*A. Asians B. Italians C. Jews

D. Farmers E. Cajuns


39. A group which will soon become more numerous than Americans of African descent are the:

*A. Hispanics B. Amerindians C. Pakistanis

D. Russians E. Canadians


40. Which of the following areas has the least significant number of Hispanics?

A. California *B. Ohio C. Florida

D. Texas E. New Mexico


41. Which ethnic group does not fit with the area identified?

*A. Hispanics and Oregon

B. Asians and the Pacific coast

C. Native Americans in the West

D. Hispanics and South Florida

E. Jews and urban areas


The Changing Geography of Economic Activity


42. Which of the following is a secondary economic activity?

A. iron mining *B. beer brewing C. retail sales

D. managing a corporation E. farming

43. Which of the following jobs belongs to the tertiary sector of the American economy?

*A. computer systems specialist

B. chief executive of a multinational corporation C. auto assembly line welder

D. office receptionist E. farmer


44. The transformation of raw materials into finished products is associated with the ____________ sector of a nation’s economy.

A. primary *B. secondary C. tertiary

D. quaternary E. quinary


45. Which of the following is not a fossil fuel?

A. natural gas B. oil C. coal

*D. electricity E. petroleum


46. The United States is particularly well endowed with:

A. molybdenum B. zinc C. tin

*D. coal E. none of the above


47. Which of the following is a major oil producing state?

A. Maine B. New York C. Ohio

*D. Texas E. none of the above


48. Which of the following is a natural gas producing state?

A. Maine B. New York C. Ohio

*D. Texas E. none of the above


49. In the 1990s, less than ______ percent of the American population lives on farms.

*A. 2 B. 12 C. 24

D. 33 E. 52


50. Moving inland from the Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Belt surrounding Megalopolis, the next agricultural region encountered is the:

A. American Manufacturing Belt *B. Dairy Belt

C. Spring Wheat Belt D. Corn Belt E. Forest Belt


51. Which city is not located within the American Manufacturing Belt (the Continental Core)?

*A. Atlanta B. New York C. Detroit

D. Pittsburgh E. Philadelphia


52. Economies of scale are:

A. a result of the expansion of primary activity B. due to historical inertia

C. advantages of banking in the American Manufacturing Belt

*D. savings accruing from large-scale production E. none of the above

53. The geographic concept that best explains the persistence of industry in the American Manufacturing Belt today is:

*A. historical inertia B. supranationalism C. the law of primate activity

D. mental mapping E. the tobacco lobby


54. Which of the following is false?

A. The U.S. microprocessor industry is concentrated in Silicon Valley.

B. The U.S. is currently in a post-industrial revolution

C. Silicon Valley may be thought of as a technopole

*D. The Mercedes-Benz factory in Alabama turned out to be a great investment for the state

government

E. Stanford University is an important component of Silicon Valley


Canada


55. Which city is located closest to the Canadian capital of Ottawa?

*A. Toronto B. Windsor C. Vancouver

D. Minneapolis E. Washington, D.C.


56. Montreal and the lower course of the St. Lawrence Seaway are located in the Canadian province of ________ .

A. British Colombia B. Alberta C. Nova Scotia

*D. Quebec E. Ontario


57. The capital of Canada is:

A. Montreal B. Toronto *C. Ottawa

D. Vancouver E. Whitehorse


58. Which of the following is one of Canada’s Atlantic provinces?

*A. Nova Scotia B. British Columbia C. Manitoba

D. Quebec E. Maine


59. Which of the following is one of Canada’s Prairie provinces?

A. Nova Scotia B. British Columbia *C. Manitoba

D. Quebec E. Maine


60. Which of the following is one of Canada’s Pacific provinces?

A. Nova Scotia *B. British Columbia C. Manitoba

D. Quebec E. Maine


61. Aboriginal peoples in Canada have had their rights recognized by the Federal government as evidenced by the formation of:

A. the Yukon *B. Nunavut C. the Northwest Territories

D. the Meech Lake accord E. Cree Country

62. Which of the following is Canada’s most populace province?

A. Nova Scotia *B. Ontario C. Manitoba

D. Prince Edward Island E. Alberta


Population in Time and Space


63. The inhabitable zone of permanent settlement of a country is known as its:

*A. ecumene B. amenity C. Nunavut

D. manufacturing belt E. core area


64. More than 60% of Canadians live in an area known as:

*A. Main Street B. Megalopolis C. Nunavut

D. Alberta E. core area


65. Canada began to unify around:

*A. 1867 B. 1800 C. 1914

D. 1776 E. 1650


66. The first European group to settle Canada were the:

*A. French B. British C. Spanish

D. Dutch E. none of the above


67. The two European powers that fought over control of the area that became Canada were the:

*A. French and British B. British and Dutch C. French and Spanish

D. Dutch and French E. none of the above


68. Which of the following was known as Upper Canada?

A. Nova Scotia *B. Ontario C. Manitoba

D. Quebec E. Nunavut


69. One of the conditions of the entry of British Columbia into Canada was:

*A. the building of the transcontinental Canadian Pacific Railway

B. the opening of the Panama Canal

C. the establishment of regular ferry service through the Northwest Passage

D. the opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway

E. none of the above


70. Canada’s primate city is:

A. Montreal *B. Canada has no primate city C. Toronto

D. Vancouver E. Boston


71. The major Canadian heartland is known as:

A. Megalopolis B. The AMB *C. Main Street

D. San-San E. the Toronto-Montreal axis

72. The three eras of Canada’s economic development are:

A. Frontier-Staples Era, Era of Socialism, Era of Global Capitalism

*B. Frontier-Staples Era, Era of Industrial Capitalism, Era of Global Capitalism

C. Walking, Sail, Railroad

D. Main Street development, primary development, secondary development

E. none of the above


73. Quebec has asked for status as a _______ society in order to stay in the Canadian federation.

A. special B. different C. French

*D. distinct E. none of the above

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